Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be used to assist if someone is not breathing or if their heart has stopped.
It is a first aid technique that involves the combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths, reintroducing or aiding circulation of blood and oxygen to the body.
If you come across someone who is not responding and you recognise that they are not breathing then you should:
- Ensure that you are not in danger
- Call triple zero (000) or 112 for mobile phones.
- Being DRSABCD process
Here’s advice from the American Heart Association:
- Untrained. If you’re not trained in CPR, then provide hands-only CPR. That means uninterrupted chest compressions of about 100 a minute until paramedics arrive (described in more detail below). You don’t need to try rescue breathing.
- Trained and ready to go. If you’re well-trained and confident in your ability, begin with chest compressions instead of first checking the airway and doing rescue breathing. Start CPR with 30 chest compressions before checking the airway and giving rescue breaths.
- Trained but rusty. If you’ve previously received CPR training but you’re not confident in your abilities, then just do chest compressions at a rate of about 100 a minute.
Are you aware of the emergency response process? You can learn more about it with out one day First Aid training course or in a condensed CPR program. Find out about it here.